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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 27

Encounter Metrics and Exposure Notification

March 28, 2021
Author(s)
Rene Peralta, Angela Robinson
We discuss the measurement of aggregate levels of encounters in a population, a concept we call encounter metrics. Encounter metrics are designed so that they can be deployed while preserving the privacy of individuals. To this end, encounters are labeled

Foundational PNT Profile: Applying the Cyber Security Framework for the Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) Services NISTIR 8323

February 11, 2021
Author(s)
James J. McCarthy, Karen Reczek, Michael Bartock, YaShian Li-Baboud, Suzanne Lightman, Arthur Scholz, Theresa Suloway, Doug Northrip, Joesph Brule
The national and economic security of the United States (US) is dependent upon the reliable functioning of critical infrastructure. Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) services are widely deployed throughout the critical infrastructure. A disruption

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2020

February 9, 2021
Author(s)
Heather Evans, Kristen K. Greene, William M. Healy, Elizabeth Hoffman, Kate Rimmer, Anna V. Sberegaeva, Neil M. Zimmerman
The 2020 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through four separate lenses

Structural Performance of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) - Task 1: Assessing In-Situ Mechanical Properties of ASR-Affected Concrete

February 8, 2021
Author(s)
Fahim H. Sadek, Travis E. Thonstad, Sorin Marcu, Jonathan Weigand, timothy J. barrett, Hai S. Lew, Long Phan, Adam L. Pintar
This report describes the results of Task 1 of a five-task comprehensive research program being conducted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The overall study

Structural Performance of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) - Task 2: Assessing Bond and Anchorage of Reinforcing Bars in ASR-Affected Concrete

February 3, 2021
Author(s)
Travis E. Thonstad, Jonathan Weigand, Fahim H. Sadek, Sorin Marcu, timothy J. barrett, Hai S. Lew, Long Phan, Adam L. Pintar
This report describes the results of Task 2 of a five-task comprehensive research program being conducted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The overall study

Securing Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) Cybersecurity for the Healthcare Sector

December 21, 2020
Author(s)
Jennifer L. Cawthra, Sue S. Wang, Bronwyn J. Hodges, Kangmin Zheng, Ryan T. Williams, Jason J. Kuruvilla, Christopher L. Peloquin, Kevin Littlefield, Bob Neimeyer
Medical imaging plays an important role in diagnosing and treating patients. The system that manages medical images is known as the picture archiving communication system (PACS) and is nearly ubiquitous in healthcare environments. PACS is defined by the

Data Integrity: Detecting and Responding to Ransomware and Other Destructive Events

December 8, 2020
Author(s)
Jennifer L. Cawthra, Michael R. Ekstrom, Lauren N. Lusty, Julian T. Sexton, John E. Sweetnam
Ransomware, destructive malware, insider threats, and even honest mistakes present an ongoing threat to organizations that manage data in various forms. Database records and structure, system files, configurations, user files, application code, and

Data Integrity: Identifying and Protecting Assets Against Ransomware and Other Destructive Events

December 8, 2020
Author(s)
Jennifer L. Cawthra, Michael R. Ekstrom, Lauren N. Lusty, Julian T. Sexton, John E. Sweetnam, Anne R. Townsend
Ransomware, destructive malware, insider threats, and even honest user mistakes present ongoing threats to organizations. Organizations' data, such as database records, system files, configurations, user files, applications, and customer data, are all

Security Guidelines for Storage Infrastructure

October 26, 2020
Author(s)
Ramaswamy Chandramouli, Doron Pinhas
Storage technology, just like its computing and networking counterparts, has evolved from traditional storage service types, such as block, file, and object. Specifically, the evolution has taken two directions: one along the path of increasing storage

Zero Trust Architecture

August 10, 2020
Author(s)
Scott W. Rose, Oliver Borchert, Stuart Mitchell, Sean Connelly
Zero trust (ZT) is the term for an evolving set of cybersecurity paradigms that move defenses from static, network- based perimeters to focus on users, assets, and resources. A zero trust architecture (ZTA) uses zero trust principles to plan industrial and

Energy Sector Asset Management: For Electric Utilities, Oil & Gas Industry

May 19, 2020
Author(s)
James J. McCarthy, Lauren Acierto, Jason Kuruvilla, Titilayo Ogunyale, Nikolas Urlaub, John Wiltberger, Devin Wynne
Industrial control systems (ICS) compose a core part of our nation’s critical infrastructure. Energy sector companies rely on ICS to generate, transmit, and distribute power and to drill, produce, refine, and transport oil and natural gas. Given the wide

DESIGN OF AN INTELLIGENT PYTHON CODE FOR VALIDATING CRACK GROWTH EXPONENT BY MONITORING A CRACK OF ZIG-ZAG SHAPE IN A CRACKED PIPE

July 27, 2019
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Fong, Pedro V. Marcal, Robert B. Rainsberger, Nathanael A. Heckert, James J. Filliben
When a small crack is detected in a pressure vessel or piping, we can estimate the fatigue life of the vessel or piping by applying the classical law of fracture mechanics for crack growth if we are certain that the crack growth exponent is correct and the

Building Open Access to Research (OAR) data infrastructure at NIST

July 8, 2019
Author(s)
Gretchen R. Greene
As a National Metrology Institute (NMI), the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) scientists, engineers and technology experts conduct research across a full spectrum of physical science domains. This is performed as a public service within

Uncertainty Quantification of Failure Probability and a Dynamic Risk Analysis of Decision Making for Maintenance of Ageing Infrastructure

January 2, 2019
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Fong, James J. Filliben, Nathanael A. Heckert, Dennis D. Leber, Paul A. Berkman, Robert E. Chapman
Risk, as the product of failure probability and failure consequence, has been estimated and applied by engineers and managers to help make critical decisions on (a) maintenance of ageing plants, and (b) planning of new infrastructure. For ageing plants

THREE APPROACHES TO QUANTIFICATION OF NDE UNCERTAINTY AND A DETAILED EXPOSITION OF THE EXPERT PANEL APPROACH USING THE SHEFFIELD ELICITATION FRAMEWORK

July 15, 2018
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Fong, Nathanael A. Heckert, James J. Filliben, Steven R. Doctor
The ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code Section XI Committee is currently developing a new Division 2 nuclear code entitled the "Reliability and Integrity Management (RIM) program," with which one is able to arrive at a risk-informed, NDE-based engineering

UNCERTAINTY IN MULTI-SCALE CREEP RUPTURE LIFE MODELING AND A NEW APPROACH TO ESTIMATING FREQUENCY OF IN-SERVICE INSPECTION OF COMPONENTS AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES (*)

April 3, 2018
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Fong, Nathanael A. Heckert, James J. Filliben, Marvin J. Cohn
Uncertainty in modeling the creep rupture life of a full-scale component using experimental data at microscopic (Level 1), specimen (Level 2), and full-size (Level 3) scales, is addressed by applying statistical theory of prediction intervals, and that of

Road Mapping Workshop Report on Overcoming Barriers to Adoption of Composites in Sustainable Infrastructure

December 20, 2017
Author(s)
Richard J. Sheridan, Jeffrey W. Gilman, John Busel, David Hartman, Gale A. Holmes, Daniel Coughlin, Paul Kelley, Dustin Troutman, Jim Gutierrez, Charles Bakis, Robert Moser, Ellen Lackey, James R. Fekete, Stephanie S. Watson, Jae Hyun Kim, Aaron M. Forster, Ajay Krishnamurthy, Bharath NMN Natarajan, William O'Donnell
The February 2017 “Road Mapping Workshop on Overcoming Barriers to Adoption of Composites in Infrastructure” brought together designers, manufacturers, researchers, and end-users to identify barriers and potential solutions. Composite products produced in

NSRL Kaspersky dataset documentation

October 23, 2017
Author(s)
Alexander J. Nelson
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Software Reference Library (NSRL) has created curated releases of the Reference Data Set (RDS) consisting of hashes of Kaspersky products. This is in response to the DHS directive on

A STATISTICAL APPROACH TO ESTIMATING A 95 % CONFIDENCE LOWER LIMIT FOR THE DESIGN CREEP RUPTURE TIME VS. STRESS CURVE WHEN THE STRESS ESTIMATE HAS AN ERROR UP TO 2 % (*)

July 17, 2016
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Fong, James J. Filliben, Nathanael A. Heckert, Pedro V. Marcal, Marvin J. Cohn
Recent experimental results on creep-fracture damage with minimum time to failure (minTTF) varying as the 9th power of stress, and a theoretical consequence that the coefficient of variation (CV) of minTTF is necessarily 9 times that of the CV of the

Uncertainty Quantification of Stresses in a Cracked Pipe Elbow Weldment Using a Logistic Function Fit, a Nonlinear Least Squares Algorithm, and a Super-Parametric Method

December 30, 2015
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Fong, James J. Filliben, Nathanael A. Heckert, Pedro V. Marcal, Robert Rainsberger, Li Ma
In a 3-part series of papers, of which this paper is Part II, we investigate the applicability of the fully quadratic hexa-27 element (see Part I) to four problems of interest to the pressure vessels and piping community: (1) The solid-element-based
Displaying 1 - 25 of 27