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Search for Alternative Refrigerants: A Molecular Approach

Published

Author(s)

Mark O. McLinden, David Didion

Abstract

The impending production limitation on the fully halogenated CFC refrigerants is causing an intense search for possible substitutes. This study reviews the historical development of the CFC refrigerants and the relationship between molecular structure and the ozone depletion and greenhouse warming potentials. It then demonstrates that the halogenated hydrocarbons (a class of compounds that includes the CFCs) remain the most promising candidates for replacements based on both theoretical thermodynamic arguments and an empirical data base search. The inevitable practical tradeoffs among the various candidates are seen to vary in a systematic fashion based on molecular structure.
Proceedings Title
IIR (International Institute of Refrigeration) Conference
Conference Dates
July 1, 1988

Keywords

refrigerants, hydrocarbons, molecular structure, ozone depletion, databases, temperature, thermodynamics, evaluation, chlorofluorocarbons, flammability, entropy

Citation

McLinden, M. and Didion, D. (1988), Search for Alternative Refrigerants: A Molecular Approach, IIR (International Institute of Refrigeration) Conference, -1, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=910716 (Accessed June 23, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created July 1, 1988, Updated February 19, 2017