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Scaling analysis of the magnetocaloric effect in Gd5Si2Ge1.9X0.1 (X= Al, Cu, Ga, Mn, Fe, Co)



V. Franco, A. Conde, Virgil Provenzano, Robert D. Shull


The field dependence of the magnetic entropy change has been studied for a series of doped Gd5Si2Ge2 alloys, which possess a magnetic phase transition that is either entirely second order or a combination of primarily second order mixed to a very minor degree with a first-order transition arising from a magneto-structural phase change. By analyzing the field scaling of the refrigerant capacity as well as of the reference temperatures used for constructing a universal scaling curve, a procedure for estimating the values of the critical exponents for the alloys was developed. For the cases where the transition is entirely second order, the results obtained from this procedure are comparable to the values obtained from the Kouvel-Fisher method. For the case of Fe-doped alloys which partially possess a first order phase change, the Kouvel-Fisher method is inapplicable. However, their critical exponents determined by our developed procedure can be used to estimate the Curie temperature of the orthorhombic majority phase.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials


Critical Exponents, Gadolinium Alloys, Magnetism, Magnetocaloric Effect, Refrigeration Capacity, Scaling


Franco, V. , Conde, A. , Provenzano, V. and Shull, R. (2009), Scaling analysis of the magnetocaloric effect in Gd5Si2Ge1.9X0.1 (X= Al, Cu, Ga, Mn, Fe, Co), Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (Accessed July 23, 2024)


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Created September 3, 2009, Updated October 12, 2021