Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Saturation molalities and standard molar enthalpies of solution of alpha-D-xylose(cr) in H2O(l); Standard molar enthalpies of solution of 1,4-beta-D-xylobiose(am), and 1,4-beta-D-xylotriose(am) in H2O(l)

Published

Author(s)

Robert N. Goldberg, Brian E. Lang, Bruce Coxon, Stephen R. Decker

Abstract

The saturation molality of alpha-D-xylose(cr) in water was measured by using HPLC and is m(sat) = (8.43 ± 0.42) mol∙kg-1 at the temperature T = 298.15 K. It was also established that the anhydrous form of alpha-D-xylose(cr) is the crystalline form that is in equilibrium with the aqueous solution at T = 298.15 K. Solution calorimetry was used to measure the following standard molar enthalpies of solution at T = 298.15 K: ΔsolHom = (12.10 ± 0.12) kJ∙mol-1 for alpha-D xylose(cr); ΔsolHom = (8.1 ± 2.7) kJ∙mol-1 for 1,4-alpha-D-xylobiose(am); and ΔsolHm = -(24.1 ± 6.4) kJ∙mol-1 for 1,4--D-xylotriose(am). It was observed that both 1,4-beta-D-xylobiose(am) and 1,4-beta-D-xylotriose(am) were amorphous substances and that they form thick gels in water in which no solid phase is present. Consequently, it is not possible to measure m(sat) for these two substances. All substances were carefully characterized by using both HPLC and Karl Fischer analysis. NMR was used to measure the anomeric purity of the alpha-D-xylose(cr). Thermodynamic network calculations were used to calculate standard molar formation properties for the aforementioned substances.
Citation
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume
52

Keywords

enthalpy of solution, saturation molality, solubility, standard formation properties, 1, 4 ¿ D xylobiose, 1, 4-beta-D-xylotriose, alpha-D-xylose.

Citation

Goldberg, R. , Lang, B. , Coxon, B. and Decker, S. (2012), Saturation molalities and standard molar enthalpies of solution of alpha-D-xylose(cr) in H2O(l); Standard molar enthalpies of solution of 1,4-beta-D-xylobiose(am), and 1,4-beta-D-xylotriose(am) in H2O(l), Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics (Accessed February 23, 2024)
Created May 14, 2012, Updated February 19, 2017