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RF waveform synthesizers with quantum-based voltage accuracy for communications metrology



Peter F. Hopkins, Justus A. Brevik, Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, Nathan E. Flowers-Jacobs, Anna E. Fox, David I. Olaya, Christine A. Donnelly, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz


We report on NIST’s development of Josephson junction-based programmable reference sources to synthesize quantum-accurate, spectrally-pure waveforms for characterizing and improving next generation communication devices and systems. The goal is to provide reference sources that together span the entire radio frequency (RF) band, equivalent to 7 orders of magnitude in frequency (20 kHz - 300 GHz). To synthesize waveforms in the microwave frequency band, we are extending the existing Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer (JAWS) technology that is used for ac voltage metrology at audio frequencies (
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity


millimeter-wave, RF, waveform synthesis, superconducting electronics, Josephson junction, single flux quantum, reference source
Created February 11, 2019, Updated July 18, 2019