Replication of Smart-City, Internet of Things Assets in a Municipal Deployment
Sokwoo Rhee, Cuong T. Nguyen, Alexander Nelson, Greg Toth, Dennis Linders
Recent efforts to integrate Internet of Things into Smart City constructs have proven successful through proof of concept deployments in multiple cities. To facilitate additional deployments, standardization and dissemination of best practices for these technologies is critical. To that effort, this work seeks to establish a framework in a set of IoT hardware, software, and RF components that are flexible to use case and easily replicable to new deployments. Moreover, the framework aims to be standards-based and using best practices for cybersecurity to maintain security and privacy. The framework is developed, deployed, and tested through three distinct projects through a live testbed housed by a municipal government, collecting over 160 million distinct sensor records over a period of 8 months. The framework is additionally replicated to a separate jurisdiction to prove ease of replicability. This work identifies common barriers to IoT adoption and replication, both technological and organizational, and enumerate the approaches that were taken to overcome those barriers in these projects.