Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Repeatability of Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting on T1 and T2 Estimates Assessed Using the ISMRM/NIST MRI System Phantom



Yun Jiang, Dan Ma, Katy Keenan, Karl Stupic, Vikas Gulani, Mark Griswold


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate accuracy and repeatability of T1 and T2 estimates of a MR fingerprinting (MRF) method using the ISMRM/NIST MRI system phantom. Methods: The ISMRM/NIST system phantom contains multiple compartments with standardized T1, T2, and proton density values. Conventional inversion-recovery spin echo and spin echo methods were used to characterize the T1 and T2 values in the phantom. The phantom was scanned using the MRF-FISP method over 34 consecutive days. The mean T1 and T2 values were compared with the values from the spin echo methods. The repeatability was characterized as the coefficient of variation of the measurements over 34 days. Results:T1 and T2 values from MRF-FISP over 34 days showed a strong linear correlation with the measurements from the spin echo methods (R2=0.999 for T1; R2=0.996 for T2). The MRF estimates over the wide ranges of T1 and T2 values have less than 5% variation, except for the shortest T2 relaxation times where the method still maintains less than 8% variation. Conclusion: MRF measurements of T1 and T2 are highly repeatable over time and across wide ranges of T1 and T2 values.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine


MR Fingerprinting, quantitative imaging, relaxation time, repeatability, NIST system phantom


Jiang, Y. , Ma, D. , Keenan, K. , Stupic, K. , Gulani, V. and Griswold, M. (2016), Repeatability of Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting on T<sub>1</sub> and T<sub>2</sub> Estimates Assessed Using the ISMRM/NIST MRI System Phantom, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, [online], (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created October 26, 2016, Updated October 12, 2021