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Reinforcement of a Self-Setting Calcium Phosphate Cement with Different Fibers



Hockin D. Xu, F Eichmiller, Anthony A. Giuseppetti


A water-based calcium phosphate cement (CPC) has been used in a number of medical and dental procedures due to its excellent osteoconductivity and bone replacement capability. However, the low tensile strength of CPC prohibits its use in many unsupported defects and stress-bearing locations. Little investigation has been carried out on the fiber reinforcement of CPC. The aims of the present study, therefore, were to examine whether fibers would strengthen CPC, and to investigate the effects of fiber type, fiber length, and volume fraction. Four different fibers were used:aramid, carbon, E-glass, and polyglactin. Fiber length ranged from 3-200 mm, and fiber volume fraction ranged from 1.9-9.5%. The fibers were mixed with CPC paste and placed into molds of 3 x 4 x 25 mm. A flexural test was used to fracture the set specimens and to measure the ultimate strength, work-of-fracture, and elastic modulus. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine specimen fracture surfaces. Fiber type had significant effects on composite properties. The composite ultimate strength in Mpa (mean SD; n = 6) was (62 16) for aramid, (59 11) for carbon, (29 8) for E-glass, and (24 4) for polyglactin, with 5.7% volume fraction and 75 mm fiber length. In comparison, the strength of unreinforced CPC was (13 3). Fiber length also played an important role. For composites containing 5.7% aramid fibers, the ultimate strength was (24 3) for 3 mm fibers, (36 13) for 8 mm fibers, (48 14) for 25 mm fibers, and (62 16) for 75 mm fibers. At 25 mm fiber length, the ultimate strength of CPC composite was found to be linearly proportional to fiber strength. In conclusion, a self-setting calcium phosphate cement was substantially strengthened via fiber reinforcement. Fiber length, fiber volume fraction, and fiber strength were found to be key microstructural parameters that controlled the mechanical properties of CPC composites.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
No. 1


calcium phosphate cement, fiber reinforcement, fiber strength, hydroxyapaptite, reinforcement mechanisms


Xu, H. , Eichmiller, F. and Giuseppetti, A. (2000), Reinforcement of a Self-Setting Calcium Phosphate Cement with Different Fibers, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research (Accessed June 24, 2024)


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Created October 1, 2000, Updated February 17, 2017