Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering MATS 01908

Published: February 01, 2016


Randolph E. Elmquist, Anthony Hartland


The cryogenic current comparator is used to maintain national representations of the ohm based on the quantized Hall resistance standard. The measurement technique utilizes the Meissner effect to establish accurate resistance ratios with specialized cryogenic bridge circuits. In these bridges identical voltages appear across the resistance elements to be compared, and the unknown resistance can be calculated from the ampere-turns balance maintained by a superconducting quantum interference device.
Citation: Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering
Pub Type: Others


superconducting devices, instrumentation and measurement, resistance standard, quantized Hall resistance standard, calibration, flux transformer, superconducting quantum interference device, Meissner effect
Created February 01, 2016, Updated February 19, 2017