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Reference materials for building product emission characterization



Dustin Poppendieck, Wenjuan Wei, Mengyan Gong


Building products contain chemical compounds, such as volatile organic compounds, which can be emitted into indoor air and result in human exposures in the indoor environment. The emission rate, commonly measured in environmental chambers, is a key parameter to characterize the source emission strength for a chemical of interest. Reference materials with known emission rates are used to characterize the uncertainty in building product emission testing. This chapter describes emission testing and explores the types of reference materials that have been used to verify product emission testing. Detailed descriptions of five types of reference materials are presented, addressing their emission mechanisms, production methods, application protocols, and use in inter-laboratory emission tests. This chapter also describes some of the causes of uncertainty associated with reference materials, emission testing systems, analytical measurement methods and Inter-laboratory study procedures.
Handbook of Indoor Air Quality
Publisher Info
Springer Publishing, New York, NY


Volatile organic compounds, formaldehyde, chamber, inter-laboratory, concentration


Poppendieck, D. , Wei, W. and Gong, M. (2020), Reference materials for building product emission characterization, Handbook of Indoor Air Quality, Springer Publishing, New York, NY, [online], (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created December 19, 2020, Updated March 8, 2024