Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Reference Data for the Thermal Conductivity of Saturated Liquid Toluene Over a Wide Range of Temperatures



M L. Ramires, Carlos A. Nieto de Castro, Richard A. Perkins, Y Nagasaka, A Nagashima, Marc J. Assael, William A. Wakeham


Efficient design of industrial processes and equipment requires accurate thermal conductivity data for a variety of fluids, such as alternative refrigerants, fuels, petrochemicals, aqueous systems, molten salts, and molten metals. The accuracy of experimental thermal conductivity data is a function of the operating conditions of the instrument. Reference data are required over a wide range of conditions to verify the claimed uncertanities of absolute instruments and to calibrate relative instruments, since either type may be used to measure the thermal conductivity of fluids. Recently, accurate experimental data for the thermal conductivity of liquid toluene near the saturation line have been obtained, which allow the upper temperature limit of the previous reference-data correlation to be extended from 360 to 553 K. The thermal conductivity was measured using two transient hot-wire instruments from 300 to 550 K, the first with a bare 12.7 m platinum wire and the second using an anodized 25 m tantalum wire. Uncertainties due to the contribution of thermal radiation and the purity of the samples are discussed. The proposed value of the thermal conductivity of liquid toluene at 298.15 K and 0.1 Mpa is 0.13 088 0.000 85. The quality of the data is such that new improved recommendations and recommended values can be proposed with uncertainties at 95% confidence of 1% for 189
J. Phys. & Chem. Ref. Data (JPCRD) -
No. 2


high temperature, reference data, saturated liquid, thermal conductivity, toluene


Ramires, M. , Nieto de Castro, C. , Perkins, R. , Nagasaka, Y. , Nagashima, A. , Assael, M. and Wakeham, W. (1999), Reference Data for the Thermal Conductivity of Saturated Liquid Toluene Over a Wide Range of Temperatures, J. Phys. & Chem. Ref. Data (JPCRD), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 21, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created September 30, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021