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Reduced-order Modeling of Composite Floor Slabs in Fire. II: Thermal-Structural analysis



Jian Jiang, Joseph Main, Jonathan Weigand, Fahim H. Sadek


This paper describes a reduced-order modeling approach for the thermal and structural analysis of fire effects on composite slabs with profiled steel decking. The reduced-order modeling approach, which uses alternating strips of layered shell elements to represent the thick and thin portions of the slab, allows both thermal and structural analyses to be performed using a single model. The modeling approach accounts for: (1) the trapezoidal profile of the concrete in the ribs; (2) the structural resistance provided by the steel decking, including the webs of the decking; and (3) the orthotropic behavior of the decking, which provides greater resistance along the ribs than transverse to the ribs. The modeling approach is validated against experimental data from one-way composite slabs tested under ambient-temperature, a one-way composite slab tested under fire conditions, and a two-way composite slab tested under fire conditions. Both implicit and explicit solution schemes are evaluated for the structural analysis, and the results show that it is feasible to scale down the hours-long fire duration to a simulation time of seconds in an explicit dynamic analysis, without adversely affecting the accuracy of the results. The steel decking contributes significantly to the structural resistance at an ambient temperature, but as expected, its contribution is found to decrease rapidly under fire exposure. The modeling approach can account for the location of reinforcing bars(i.e.,at a specified depth in either the thick or thin portion of the slab),and it is found that reinforcement location can have a significant effect on the structural response, because heat transfer in the composite slab results in higher temperatures in the thin portions of the slab between the ribs.
Journal of Structural Engineering-ASCE


Thermal-structural analysis, Composite slab, Reduced-order model, Shell element, Validation, Explicit analysis


Jiang, J. , Main, J. , Weigand, J. and Sadek, F. (2020), Reduced-order Modeling of Composite Floor Slabs in Fire. II: Thermal-Structural analysis, Journal of Structural Engineering-ASCE, [online],, (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created March 18, 2020, Updated October 12, 2021