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Reaction Kinetics in Ionic Liquids: Pulse Radiolysis Studies of 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Salts



D Behar, Carlos A. Gonzalez, Pedatsur Neta


Radiolysis of liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (BMI+) salts leads to formation of several species with similar absorption spectra. To identify and characterize these species, experiments were carried out with BMI+ in solution under various conditions. BMI+ is reduced by eaq- very rapidly (k = 1.9 1010 L mol-1 s-1) but not by (CH3)2CO- radicals (k {less than or equal to} 1 x 104 L mol-1 s-1). The reduced species exhibits an absorption peak at 323 nm (ε = 6.7 x 103 L mol-1 cm-1). It decays via radical-radical reactions but does not react with O2, nor with methyl viologen. BMI+ reacts rapidly also with OH radicals (k = 3.7 x 109 L mol-1 s-1) to produce a mixture of isomeric OH-adducts. The spectrum of these adducts is similar to that of the reduced species, it exhibits a peak at 322 nm (ε = 2.5 x 103 L mol-1 cm-1) but with a pronounced shoulder at 380-420 nm. The adducts react with O2 and with OH-. In the latter reaction they lose H+ to form a hydroxylated analogue of the electron adduct. Irradiation of liquid BMI+ salts produces BMI, BMI 2+, and various radical adducts. In the presence of CCl4 and O2, CCl3O2 radicals are formed and these radicals oxidize Trolox and chlorpromazine with rate constants of (1 to 3) 107 L mol-1 s-1. After correcting for the effect of viscosity, the rate constants are much lower than those determined in aqueous solutions and close to those measured in low-polarity organic solvents. The low rate constants in BMIPF6 probably indicate a high degree of ion-association in this ionic liquid. On the other hand, the activation energy of the reaction is close to that measured in aqueous solutions but higher than that in alcohols. This is discussed in terms of highly structured solvent/solute domains.
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
No. 32


butylmethylimidazole, ionic liquids, peroxyl radicals, pulse radiolysis, rate constants


Behar, D. , Gonzalez, C. and Neta, P. (2001), Reaction Kinetics in Ionic Liquids: Pulse Radiolysis Studies of 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Salts, Journal of Physical Chemistry A (Accessed May 28, 2024)


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Created August 1, 2001, Updated February 19, 2017