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Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering Studies of the Slow Dynamics of Supercooled and Glassy Aspirin

Published

Author(s)

Yang Zhang, Madhu Sudan Tyagi, Sow-Hsin Chen

Abstract

Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is not only a wonderful drug, but also a good glass-former. Therefore,it serves as an important molecular system to study the near-arrest and arrested phenomena. In this paper, a high-resolution quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) technique is used to investigate the slow dynamics of supercooled liquid and glassy aspirin from 410 K down to 350 K. The measured QENS spectra can be analyzed with a stretched exponential model. We find that (i) the stretched exponent β(Q) is independent of the wave vector transfer Q in the measured Q-range, and (ii) the structural relaxation time τ(Q) follows a power law dependence on Q. Consequently, the Q-independent structural relaxation time τ0 can be extracted for each temperature to characterize the slow dynamics of aspirin. The temperature dependence of τ0 can be fitted with the mode coupling power law, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) equation and a universal equation for fragile glass forming liquids recently proposed by M. Tokuyama in the measured temperature range. The calculated dynamic response function χT(Q,t) using the experimentally determined self-intermediate scattering function of the hydrogen atoms of aspirin shows a direct evidence of the enhanced dynamic fluctuations as the aspirin is increasingly supercooled, in agreement with the fixed-time mean squared displacement x2 and non-Gaussian parameter α2 extracted from the elastic scattering.
Citation
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume
24

Keywords

glass forming liquids, neutron scattering, glass transition

Citation

Zhang, Y. , Tyagi, M. and Chen, S. (2012), Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering Studies of the Slow Dynamics of Supercooled and Glassy Aspirin, Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=908659 (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created January 24, 2012, Updated October 12, 2021