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Quantum dot single photon sources studied with superconducting single photon detectors

Published

Author(s)

Martin Stevens, Robert Hadfield, Sae Woo Nam, Richard Mirin

Abstract

We report the observation of photon antibunching from a single, self-assembled InGaAs quantum dot (QD) at temperatures up to 135 K. The second-order intensity correlation, g(2)(0), is less than 0.260 +or-} 0.024 for temperatures up to 100 K. At 120 K, g(2)(0) increases to about 0.471, which is slightly less than the second-order intensity correlation expected from two independent single emitters. In addition, we characterize the performance of a superconducting single photon detector (SSPD) based on a nanopatterned niobium nitride wire that exhibits 68 +or-} 3-ps timing jitter and less than 100-Hz dark count rate with a detection efficiency (DE) of up to 2% at 902 nm. This detector is used to measure spontaneous emission lifetimes of semiconductor quantum well (QWs) emitting light at wavelengths of 935 and 1245 nm. The sensitivity to wavelengths longer than 1 υm and the Gaussian temporal response of this superconducting detector present clear advantages over the conventional detector technologies. We also use this detector to characterize the emission from a single InGaAs QD embedded in a micropillar cavity, measuring a spontaneous emission lifetime of 370 ps and a g(2)(0) of 0.24 +or-} 0.03.
Proceedings Title
Conf. Digest: Montana Meeting on Fundamental Optical Processes in Semiconductors
Volume
12
Issue
6
Conference Dates
July 23-27, 2007
Conference Location
Big Sky, MT, USA
Conference Title
Montana Meeting on Fundamental Optical Processes in Semiconductors

Keywords

infrared, quantum dot, single photon detector, single photon source, superconductor

Citation

Stevens, M. , Hadfield, R. , Nam, S. and Mirin, R. (2006), Quantum dot single photon sources studied with superconducting single photon detectors, Conf. Digest: Montana Meeting on Fundamental Optical Processes in Semiconductors, Big Sky, MT, USA, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=32694 (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created October 31, 2006, Updated October 12, 2021