Quantifying Uncertainty in Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Models and Simulations
Tesfaye M. Moges, Wentao Yan, Stephen Lin, Gaurav Ameta, Jason C. Fox, Paul W. Witherell
Various sources of uncertainty that can potentially cause variability in the product quality exist at different stages of the laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) process. To implement computational models and simulations for quality control and process optimization, quantitative representation of their predictive accuracy is required. In this study, a methodology to estimate uncertainties in L-PBF models and simulations is presented. The sources of uncertainty, including those due to modeling assumptions, numerical approximation, input parameters, and measurement error, are discussed in detail and quantified for low and high-fidelity melt pool simulation models. A design of experiments (DOE) approach is leveraged to quantify uncertainty due to input parameters and investigate their effects on output quantities of interest (QoIs). The result of this work is essential for understanding the tradeoffs in model fidelity and guiding the selection of a model suitable for its intended purpose.
Solid Freeform Fabrication 2018: Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium
August 13-15, 2018
Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium An Additive Manufacturing Conference