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Proceedings of EUSPEN 2022



Sven Schulze, Kumar Arumugam, Rene Theska, Gordon A. Shaw


The 2019 redefinition of the kilogram in the International System of Units (SI) connects the unit of mass with Planck's constant (h) through electrical metrology by means of precision balances. This not only changes the way the mass is defined, but also broadens the horizon for a direct realization of other physical units. Since mass measurement is essentially a force measurement scaled by the local gravitational acceleration, any physical action providing a force can be measured using a precision balance as a primary standard, connecting it to Planck's constant.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of EUSPEN 2022
Conference Dates
May 30-June 3, 2022
Conference Location
Geneva, CH
Conference Title
EUSPEN's 22nd International Conference & Exhibition


metrology, mass, force, becquerel


Schulze, S. , Arumugam, K. , Theska, R. and Shaw, G. (2022), Proceedings of EUSPEN 2022, Proceedings of EUSPEN 2022, Geneva, CH, [online], (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created October 26, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022