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Probing beyond the laser coherence time in optical clock comparisons

Published

Author(s)

David B. Hume, David R. Leibrandt

Abstract

We develop protocols that circumvent the laser noise limit in optical clock comparisons by synchronous probing of two clocks using phase-locked local oscillators. This allows for probe times longer than the laser coherence time, avoids the Dick effect, and supports Heisenberg-limited scaling of measurement precision. We present a model for such frequency comparisons and develop numerical simulations of the protocol with realistic noise sources. This provides a route to reduce frequency ratio measurement durations by more than an order of magnitude as clock inaccuracies reach 1x10-18.
Citation
Physical Review Letters
Volume
A 93

Keywords

atomic clock, optical clock, optical lattice, quantum metrology, trapped ion
Created March 30, 2016, Updated November 10, 2018