Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Polarized Light Scattering From Metallic Particles on Silicon Wafers

Published

Author(s)

Jae H. Kim, S H. Ehrman, George W. Mulholland, Thomas Germer

Abstract

Polarized light scattering by monodisperse copper and gold spheres, having diameters ranging from 96 nm to 205 nm deposited on silicon substrates were measured using visible light. The results are compared to an exact theory for scattering by a sphere on a surface, originally developed by Bobbert and Vlieger. The results show that accurate calculation of the scattering of light from a metal sphere requires that the near-field interaction between the sphere and its image be included in a complete manner, that the normal incidence approximation does not suffice for this interaction, and that the existence of any thin oxide layer on the substrate must be included. The polarization of light scattered from these spheres on silicon substrates can be used to determine the size of those spheres. However, uncertainties in the thickness of the substrate oxide layer, roughness of the particles, and uncertainties in the optical properties of the particles may prevent them from being used as standard scatterers. The implementation of the theory, which requires special care are metallic and the substrate is highly reflecting, is described in detail.
Proceedings Title
Optical Metrology Roadmap for the Semiconductor, Optical, and Data Storage Industries, Conference | 2nd | Optical Metrology Roadmap for the Semiconductor, Optical, and Data Storage Industries II | SPIE
Conference Dates
July 29-August 3, 2001
Conference Location
Undefined
Conference Title
Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering

Keywords

copper, gold inspection, metal, particles, polarization, scattering, spheres

Citation

Kim, J. , Ehrman, S. , Mulholland, G. and Germer, T. (2001), Polarized Light Scattering From Metallic Particles on Silicon Wafers, Optical Metrology Roadmap for the Semiconductor, Optical, and Data Storage Industries, Conference | 2nd | Optical Metrology Roadmap for the Semiconductor, Optical, and Data Storage Industries II | SPIE, Undefined (Accessed April 24, 2024)
Created November 30, 2001, Updated October 12, 2021