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Polarity-tunable anomalous Hall effect in magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4



Albert Davydov, Huairuo Zhang


The polarity-tunable anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is useful for electronic device applications. Here in a magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4 grown by molecular beam epitaxy, we report the polarity change of the AHE by increasing the temperature or tuning the gate bias. This is possible because the anomalous Hall response is composed of two competing contributions with opposite polarities. The negative contribution is intrinsic to MnBi2Te4, follows an ambipolar gate response and has a larger coercivity with increasing thickness. Meanwhile, the positive one has a coercivity that is about one order of magnitude greater than the negative one, dominates the Hall response at higher temperatures, is more tunable by a gate bias and vanishes by increasing the thickness of the thin film. One possible explanation for the additional positive AHE is an extra surface ferromagnetism caused by the surface-state-mediated RKKY interaction among magnetic impurities on the surface. Our work provides the understanding of the AHE of MnBi2Te4, and paves the way for many device applications, e.g. energy-efficient voltage-controlled memory.
Nature - Scientific Reports


anomalous Hall effect, magnetic topological insulator, MnBi2Te4, transmission electron microscopy


Davydov, A. and Zhang, H. (2022), Polarity-tunable anomalous Hall effect in magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4, Nature - Scientific Reports, [online], (Accessed April 24, 2024)
Created February 4, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022