Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Physical Properties of the Quasi-Two-Dimensional Square Lattice Antiferromagnet Ba2FeSi2O7



Tae-Hwan Jang, Seung-Hwan Do, Minseong Lee, Hui Wu, Craig Brown, Andrew D. Christianson, Sang-Wook Cheong, Jae-Hoon Park


We report magnetization (χ, M), magnetic specific heat (CM), and neutron powder diffraction results on a quasi-two-dimensional (2D) S = 2 square lattice antiferromagnet Ba2FeSi2O7 consisting of FeO4 tetrahedrons with highly compressive tetragonal distortion (27%). Despite of the quasi-2D lattice structure, both χ and CM present three dimensional magnetic long-range ordering below the Néel temperature TN = 5.2 K. Neutron diffraction data shows a collinear Qm = (1,0,1/2) antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure below TN but the ordered moment aligned in the ab plane is suppressed by 26% from the ionic spin S = 2 value (4μB) . Both the AFM structure and the suppressed moments are well explained by using Monte Carlo simulations with a large single-ion in-plane anisotropy D = 1.4 meV and a rather small Heisenberg exchange Jintra = 0.15 meV in the plane. The characteristic 2D spin fluctuations are recognized in the magnetic entropy release and diffuse scattering above TN. This new quasi-2D magnetic system also displays unusual non-monotonic dependence of TN as a function of magnetic field H.
Physical Review B


Neutron diffraction, Magnetization measurements, Antiferromagnets, Magnetic insulators, Magnetic insulators, Monte Carlo methods


Jang, T. , Do, S. , Lee, M. , Wu, H. , Brown, C. , Christianson, A. , Cheong, S. and Park, J. (2021), Physical Properties of the Quasi-Two-Dimensional Square Lattice Antiferromagnet Ba<sub>2</sub>FeSi<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub>, Physical Review B (Accessed July 24, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 27, 2021, Updated November 29, 2022