Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Phase stability and lithium loading capacity in a liquid scintillation cocktail

Published

Author(s)

Denis E. Bergeron, Mark A. Tyra, Hans P. Mumm

Abstract

Liquid scintillation cocktails loaded with neutron capture agents such as 6Li are used in both neutron and neutrino detectors. For detectors designed to operate over extended timespans, long-term stability can be a concern. We demonstrate the identification of thermodynamically unstable emulsions as distinct from stable microemulsions, driving phase separation with centrifugation. Phase separation was identified by monitoring the quench indicating parameter, measured using an external Compton source. Samples were also characterized by dynamic light scattering, where in an extreme case, phase separation could be observed in real time. We describe a stable cocktail with 0.01 mass fraction added Li, a relatively high Li concentration.
Citation
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume
314

Keywords

Phase separation, inverse beta decay, neutrino, neutron, liquid scintillation, Li-6
Created August 2, 2017, Updated November 10, 2018