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Phantom Materials for Metal Detector Research



James R. Baker-Jarvis, Raian K. Kaiser, Michael D. Janezic


The purpose of this paper is to discuss the characterization of materials that mimic the electromagnetic characteristics of the human body from low frequencies to 10 MHz and over a temperature range of 15 C. to 40 C. The materials studied were: 1) a mixture of potassium chloride in water, 2) a mixture of propylene carbonate, ethylene carbonate, and salts, 3) a semi-solid material consisting of silicone and carbon black, 4) a mixture of glycine, carrageenan, potassium chloride and water. It was found that to obtain time stability, the carbon black mixture must be temperature annealed. the silicone material has the advantage of being more rugged than the glycine mixture. The glycine material was jello-like in consistency and required refrigeration.
Conference Dates
August 17-24, 2002
Conference Location
Maastricht, 1, NL
Conference Title
2002 URSI General Assembly


carbon black, conductivity, dielectric, dielectric measurements, glycine, phantoms, potassium chloride, radio frequency


Baker-Jarvis, J. , Kaiser, R. and Janezic, M. (2002), Phantom Materials for Metal Detector Research, 2002 URSI General Assembly, Maastricht, 1, NL (Accessed June 20, 2024)


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Created August 16, 2002, Updated October 12, 2021