Persistence of locality in systems with power-law interactions
Zhexuan Gong, Michael S. Foss-Feig, Spyridon Michalakis, Alexey Gorshkov
Motivated by recent experiments with ultra-cold matter, we derive a new bound on the propagation of information in D- dimensional lattice models exhibiting 1/r^alpha interactions with alpha > D. The bound contains two terms: One accounts for the short-ranged part of the interactions and decays exponentially in space, reflecting the persistence of locality out to intermediate distances, while the other contributes a power-law decay at long distances. We demonstrate that these two contributions not only bound but qualitatively reproduce the short and long distance dynamical behavior following a local quench in an XY chain and a transverse eld Ising chain. In addition to providing an accurate description of dynamics in numerous intractable long-range interacting lattice models, our results can be experimentally veri ed with a variety of ultracold atomic and solid-state systems.
, Foss-Feig, M.
, Michalakis, S.
and Gorshkov, A.
Persistence of locality in systems with power-law interactions, Physical Review Letters, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.030602, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=915198
(Accessed September 29, 2023)