Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Performance of a finned-tube evaporator optimized for different refrigerants and its effect on system efficiency



Piotr A. Domanski, David A. Yashar, Minsung Kim


This paper presents a comparable evaluation of R600a (isobutane), R290 (propane), R134a, R22, R410A, and R32 in an optimized finned-tube evaporator, and analyzes the impact of evaporator effects on the system coefficient of performance (COP). The study relied on a detailed evaporator model derived from NIST's EVAP-COND simulation package and used the ISHED1 scheme employing a non-Darwinian learnable evolution model for circuitry optimization. In the process, 4500 circuitry designs were generated and evaluated for each refrigerant. The obtained evaporator optimization results were incorporated in a conventional analysis of the vapor compression cycle. For a theoretical cycle analysis without accounting for evaporator effects, the COP spread for the studied refrigerants was as high as 11.7 %. For cycle simulations including evaporator effects, the COP of R290 was better than that of R22 by up to 3.5 %, while the remaining refrigerants performed approximately within a 2 % COP band of the R22 baseline for the two condensing temperatures considered.
International Journal of Refrigeration


Air conditioning, Refrigerating system, Evaporator, Finned tube, Modeling, Optimization, R600a, R410A, Propane, R32, R134a, R22, Comparison


Domanski, P. , Yashar, D. and Kim, M. (2005), Performance of a finned-tube evaporator optimized for different refrigerants and its effect on system efficiency, International Journal of Refrigeration, [online], (Accessed May 19, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created May 17, 2005, Updated February 19, 2017