Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Ozone Generation from a Germicidal Ultraviolet Lamp with Peak Emission at 222 nm



Michael F. Link, Andrew Shore, Behrang Hamadani, Dustin Poppendieck


Recent interest in commercial devices containing germicidal ultraviolet lamps with a peak emission wavelength at 222 nm (GUV222) has focused on mitigating virus transmission indoors while posing minimum risk to human tissue. However, 222 nm light can produce ozone (O3) in air. O3 is an undesirable component of indoor air because of health impacts from acute to chronic exposure and its ability to degrade indoor air quality through oxidation chemistry. In seven four-hour experiments we measured O3 produced from a single filtered GUV222 lamp in a 31.5 m3 stainless steel chamber. Using an emission model, we determined an O3 generation rate of 19.4 ppbv h-1 ± 0.3 ppbv h-1 (equivalent to 1.22 mg h-1 ± 0.02 mg h-1). We estimated the fluence rate from the lamp using two methods: (1) chemical actinometry using tetrachloroethylene (actinometry) and (2) geometric projection of the irradiance field from radial and angular distribution measurements of the GUV222 lamp fluence (irradiance). Using the estimated lamp fluence rates of 2.2 µW cm-2 (actinometry) and 3.2 µW cm-2 (irradiance) we predicted O3 production in our chamber within 20 % of the average measured mixing ratio. Future studies should evaluate the indoor air quality impacts of GUV222 technologies.
Environmental Science and Technology Letters


Air cleaning, germicidal ultraviolet light, ozone, indoor air quality


Link, M. , Shore, A. , Hamadani, B. and Poppendieck, D. (2023), Ozone Generation from a Germicidal Ultraviolet Lamp with Peak Emission at 222 nm, Environmental Science and Technology Letters, [online],, (Accessed April 15, 2024)
Created July 21, 2023, Updated February 14, 2024