Overwhelming thermomechanical motion with microwave radiation pressure shot noise
John D. Teufel, Florent Q. Lecocq, Raymond W. Simmonds
We measure the fundamental noise processes associated with a continuous linear position measurement of a micromechanical membrane incorporated in a microwave cavity optomechanical circuit. We observe the trade-o ff between the two fundamental sources of noises that enforce the standard quantum limit: the measurement imprecision and radiation-pressure backaction from photon shot noise. We demonstrate that the quantum backaction of the measurement can overwhelm the intrinsic thermal motion by 24 dB, entering a new regime for cavity optomechanical systems.