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Overview: Damage in Brittle Layer Structures From Concentrated Loads

Published

Author(s)

Brian R. Lawn, Y N. Deng, P Miranda, Antonia Pajares, H Chai, D H. Kim

Abstract

In this article, we review recent advances in the understanding and analysis of damage initiation and evolution in laminate structures with brittle outlayers and compliant sublayers, in concentrated loading. The relevance of such damage to lifetime-limiting failures of engineering and biomechanial layer systems is emphasized. We describe the results of contact studies on monolayer, bilayer, trilayer and multilayer test specimens that enable simple elucidation of fundamental damage mechanics and yet simulate essential function in a wide range of practical structures. Damage processes are observed using post mortem (bonded-interface) sectioning and direct in situ viewing during loading. The observations reveal a competition between damage modes in the brittle outerlayers - cone cracks or quasiplasticity at the top (near-contact) surfaces and laterally extending radial cracks at the lower surfaces. In metal or polymeric support layers, yield or viscoelasticity can become limiting factors. Analytical relations for the critical loads to initiate each damage mode are presented in terms of key system variables: geometrical - layer thickness and indenter radius; material-elastic modulus, strength and toughness of brittle components, hardness of deformable components. Such relations provide a sound physical basis for the design of brittle layer systems with optimal damage thresholds. Other elements of the damage process - damage evolution to failure, crack kinetics (and fatigue), flaw statistics, and complex (tangential) loading - are also considered.
Citation
Journal of Materials Research
Volume
17
Issue
No. 12

Keywords

bilayers, biomaterials, brittle coatings, cone cracks, crack prevention, damage evolution, dental crowns, multilayers, quasiplasticity

Citation

Lawn, B. , Deng, Y. , Miranda, P. , Pajares, A. , Chai, H. and Kim, D. (2002), Overview: Damage in Brittle Layer Structures From Concentrated Loads, Journal of Materials Research (Accessed June 25, 2024)

Issues

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Created December 1, 2002, Updated February 17, 2017