Osteoblast Response to Serum Protein Adsorption in 3D Polymer Scaffolds
Carl G. Simon Jr., Girish Kumar, Kaushik Chatterjee, Stevephen Hung
Protein adsorption is known to direct biological response to biomaterials and is important in determining cellular response in tissue scaffolds. In this study we investigated the effect of adsorbed serum proteins on cell attachment and proliferation in three-dimensional (3D) tissue scaffolds. 3D macro-porous polymer scaffolds were pre-aged in serum-containing culture medium for 5 min, 1 d or 7 d prior to seeding osteoblasts. The total amount of protein adsorbed was found to increase with pre-ageing time. Cell attachment and proliferation were measured 1 d and 14 d, respectively, after cell seeding. Osteoblast proliferation, but not attachment, increased with scaffold pre-ageing time and amount of protein adsorbed. These results demonstrate that amount of time that scaffolds are exposed to serum-containing medium can affect cell proliferation and suggest that these effects are mediated by differences in protein adsorption.
3D scaffolds, biomaterials, osteoblast, protein adsorption, tissue engineering