Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Oscillatory Exchange Coupling in Fe/Au/Fe(100)



John Unguris, Robert Celotta, Daniel T. Pierce


Scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis was used to investigate the interlayer exchange coupling in Fe/Au/Fe(100) sandwich structures. The films were epitaxially grown on single-crystal Fe(100) substrates. Electron diffraction measurements revealed that the Au spacer film grew with a surface reconstruction consistent with that observed for bulk Au crystals. The exchange coupling oscillates between primarily ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic coupling for Au spacer layers up to 65 layers (13 nm) thick, but a significant biquadratic coupling component was also observed. The oscillatory coupling exhibited two components with periods of 2.48plus or minus}0.05 layers (0.506plus or minus}0.010 nm) and 8.6plus or minus}0.3 layers (1.75plus or minus}0.06 nm). The measured periods are in excellent agreement with those calculated from spanning vectors of the Au Fermi surface.
Journal of Applied Physics


Unguris, J. , Celotta, R. and Pierce, D. (1994), Oscillatory Exchange Coupling in Fe/Au/Fe(100), Journal of Applied Physics (Accessed June 22, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 31, 1993, Updated October 12, 2021