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Origin of the Crossover Between a Freezing and a Structural Transition at Low Concentration in the Relaxor Ferroelectric K1-xLIxTaO3



Ling Cai, Jean Toulouse, Leland Harriger, Robert Gregory Downing, Lynn A. Boatner


The origin of the relaxor behavior in K1-xLixTaO3(KLT) and other disordered perovskites has long been recognized as due to the reorientation of the polar nanodomains (PNDs) which are formed by the correlated disordered dipoles. The thermodynamic properties of the system usually can be categorized into several characteristic temperatures. On decreasing temperature, the individual dipoles become correlated to form nano sized regions at the so-called Burns temperature ΤB. After further cooling, the slow dynamics of these polar regions induce lattice distortion, and they form polar nanodomain at Τ*(Τ*<ΤB). For KLT specifically, thres is a critical Li concentration xc = 0.022 above which the system undergoes a structural transition at Tc, and below which the system freeze into a dipole glass state at TF. In the present work, we compare two KLT samples with Li concentration x = 0.026 and 0.018 determined by neutron depth profiling. Dielectric and relaxational properties of the two samples. In addition to the phase transition temperatures Tc abd TF, we identify a critical temperature Tmin in the lower concentration sample (x=0.018) this dielectric minimum, which resembles the critical slowing down behavior in many hydrogen bonded ferroelectric systems, can be explained by the progressive of local dipoles in the thermodynamic non-equilibrium state.
Physical Review B


relaxor, ferroelectric, disordered perovskites


Cai, L. , Toulouse, J. , Harriger, L. , Downing, R. and Boatner, L. (2015), Origin of the Crossover Between a Freezing and a Structural Transition at Low Concentration in the Relaxor Ferroelectric K<sub>1-x</sub>LI<sub>x</sub>TaO<sub>3</sub>, Physical Review B, [online], (Accessed June 16, 2024)


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Created April 15, 2015, Updated October 12, 2021