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Options for Low-GWP Refrigerants

Published

Author(s)

Mark O. McLinden, Andrei F. Kazakov, J S. Brown, Riccardo Brignoli, Ian H. Bell, Piotr A. Domanski

Abstract

We summarize a systematic examination of possible low-GWP (global warming potential) replacements for the HFC (hydrofluorocarbon) refrigerants currently used in small air-conditioning systems. The methodology identified the optimal thermodynamic parameters for a refrigerant; this was based on an ideal- cycle analysis, which indicated a tradeoff between efficiency (COP) and refrigeration capacity depending largely on the refrigerant critical temperature. A more realistic analysis, which included an optimization of the heat exchangers, however, revealed that there was a maximum in COP at a relatively high refrigeration capacity, corresponding to refrigerants with a relatively low critical temperature and operating at moderately high pressures. A search in an exhaustive chemical database for fluids having the identified thermodynamic parameters as well as acceptable chemical stability, toxicity, and GWP identified a list of 28 candidate refrigerants. But none of these are a direct, nonflammable, low-GWP replacement for the R-410A currently used in the majority of small air- conditioning systems.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration
Conference Dates
November 6, 2019
Conference Location
London

Keywords

GWP, Hydrofluoroolefins, Refrigerants, Refrigeration Cycle, Thermodynamic Properties

Citation

McLinden, M. , Kazakov, A. , Brown, J. , Brignoli, R. , Bell, I. and Domanski, P. (2019), Options for Low-GWP Refrigerants, Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration, London, -1, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=928908 (Accessed October 24, 2021)
Created November 5, 2019, Updated July 8, 2020