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Optical Molasses Loaded from a Low-Velocity Intense Source of Atoms: An Atom Source for Improved Atomic Fountains

Published

Author(s)

E A. Donley, Thomas P. Heavner, Steven R. Jefferts

Abstract

We demonstrate the efficient capture of cesium atoms from a low w-velocity intense source (LVIS) of atoms into an optical molasses. The high load rates that are achievable with the technique can potentially improve the stability of and reduce collisional shifts in atomic fountain clocks. An LVIS is an atomic beam created from a small hole in one of the retroreflectors in an otherwise ordinary magnetooptical trap (MOT). Our typical LVIS flux was 10(10) atoms/s. The asymptotic value for the number of atoms captured in the optical molasses was 1.1(1) x 10(9) atoms, and the fill time constant was tau = 290(30) ms. The initial molasses fill rate was R-t=o = 3.8(5) x 10(6) atoms/ms. At this rate, it would require 24 ms to capture and launch 10(7) state-selected atoms in an atomic fountain. The fill rate at short times indicates that approximately 40% of the LVIS atoms were being captured in the optical molasses.
Citation
Optical Molasses Loaded from a Low-Velocity Intense Source of Atoms: An Atom Source for Improved Atomic Fountains

Keywords

cesium, molasses, oprical

Citation

Donley, E. , Heavner, T. and Jefferts, S. (2021), Optical Molasses Loaded from a Low-Velocity Intense Source of Atoms: An Atom Source for Improved Atomic Fountains, Optical Molasses Loaded from a Low-Velocity Intense Source of Atoms: An Atom Source for Improved Atomic Fountains (Accessed June 14, 2024)

Issues

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Created October 12, 2021