Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Octave-spanning dual frequency comb spectroscopy in the molecular fingerprint region



Henry R. Timmers, Abijith S. Kowligy, Alexander J. Lind, Flavio Caldas da Cruz, Nima Nader, Myles C. Silfies, Thomas K. Allison, Gabriel G. Ycas, Peter G. Schunemann, Scott B. Papp, Scott A. Diddams


Spectroscopy in the molecular fingerprint spectral region (6.5-20 $\mu$m) yields critical information on material structure for physical, chemical and biological sciences. Despite decades of effort, this portion of the electromagnetic spectrum remains challenging to cover with conventional laser technologies. In this report, we present a simple and robust method for generating super-octave, optical frequency combs in the fingerprint region through intra-pulse difference frequency generation in an orientation-patterned gallium phosphide crystal. We demonstrate the utility of this unique coherent light source for high-precision, dual-comb spectroscopy in methanol and ethanol vapor. These results highlight the potential of laser frequency combs for wide-ranging molecular sensing applications, from basic molecular spectroscopy to nanoscopic imaging.
Science Magazine


dual comb spectroscopy, frequency comb, long wave infrared, non-linear optics, parametric generation
Created June 4, 2018, Updated February 21, 2019