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Nonlinear ferromagnetic resonance shift in submicron Permalloy ellipses



Feng Guo, Lyubov Belova, Robert D. McMichael


We report a systematic study of nonlinearity in the ferromagnetic resonance of a series of submicron Permalloy ellipses with varying aspect ratios. We focus on the sign of the foldover, a resonance field shift or frequency shift that occurs with high excitation powers. Using ferromagnetic resonance force microscopy, we find that the foldover changes sign as a function of anisotropy field and applied field in qualitative agreement with a macro-spin analysis. However, both measurement and micromagnetic modeling results exhibit values of the nonlinear coefficient that are more positive (i.e. the foldover tends toward low field) than are predicted by the macrospin model. We attribute the difference to the non-uniformity of the precession modes in the ellipses. The results are useful in understanding nonlinear physics in nanomagnets and applications of spin-torque oscillators.
Physical Review B


precession, nonlinear, nanomagnet, ferromagnetic resonance force micrsocopy, FMRFM


Guo, F. , Belova, L. and McMichael, R. (2015), Nonlinear ferromagnetic resonance shift in submicron Permalloy ellipses, Physical Review B, [online], (Accessed May 21, 2024)


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Created February 27, 2015, Updated November 10, 2018