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NIST Recommended Practice Guide: The Use of Nomenclature in Dispersion Science and Technology



Vincent A. Hackley, Chiara F. Ferraris


This Special Publication is essentially a reprint of two NIST Special Publications, SP 945 and SP 946. This particular Practice Guide provides guidelines for the use of technical and scientific nomenclature related to ceramic dispersions.The use of nomenclature for describing dispersed particulate systems, along with their associated properties and components, is often inconsistent and subject ot misinterpretation in the technical and scientific literature. For example, terms for describing the state of association of particles in suspension (e.g., aggregate or agglomerate) often carry specific connotations that vary among different authors. This guide has been prepared as a resource for researchers, engineers, and students working in dispersion-based applications. In compiling this guide, we drew on a number of resources, including books, review articles, and published terminologies. To the extent possible, every effort was made to maintain a degree of uniformity with existing standards and conventions, including published terminologies from the American Concrete Institute (ACI), the British Standards Institute (BSI), the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), and the Society of Rheology, as well as current and draft ASTM and ISO standards.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 960-3
Report Number


ceramics, dispersed particulate systems, dispersion science, particulate systems, rheology


Hackley, V. and Ferraris, C. (2001), NIST Recommended Practice Guide: The Use of Nomenclature in Dispersion Science and Technology, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed July 14, 2024)


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Created August 1, 2001, Updated February 19, 2017