Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

NIST F1 and F2

Published

Author(s)

Thomas P. Heavner, Thomas E. Parker, Jon H. Shirley, Paul D. Kunz, Steven R. Jefferts

Abstract

The National Institute of Standards and Technology operates a cesium fountain primary frequency standard, NIST-F1, which has been contributing to International Atomic Time (TAI) since 1999. During the intervening 11 years we have improved NIST-F1 so that the uncertainty is currently δf/fo ≅ 3 × 10-16, dominated by uncertainty in the Blackbody radiation inducedfrequency shift. In order to circumvent the uncertainty associated with the blackbody shift we have built a new fountain, NIST-F2, in which the microwave interrogation region is cryogenic (80K) reducing the blackbody shift to negligible levels. We briefly describe here the series of improvements to NIST-F1 which have allowed its uncertainty to reach the low 10-16 level and present early results from NIST-F2.
Proceedings Title
PTTI Conference proceedings 2010
Conference Dates
November 15-18, 2010
Conference Location
Rastin, VA

Keywords

atomic clock, frequency standards
Created November 15, 2010, Updated February 19, 2017