Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

NIST Big Data Interoperability Framework: Volume 4, Security and Privacy



Wo L. Chang, Arnab Roy, Mark Underwood, NBD-PWG NIST Big Data Public Working Group


Big Data is a term used to describe the large amount of data in the networked, digitized, sensor-laden, information-driven world. While opportunities exist with Big Data, the data can overwhelm traditional technical approaches and the growth of data is outpacing scientific and technological advances in data analytics. To advance progress in Big Data, the NIST Big Data Public Working Group (NBD-PWG) is working to develop consensus on important, fundamental concepts related to Big Data. The results are reported in the NIST Big Data Interoperability Framework series of volumes. This volume, Volume 4, contains an exploration of security and privacy topics with respect to Big Data. This volume considers new aspects of security and privacy with respect to Big Data, reviews security and privacy use cases, proposes security and privacy taxonomies, presents details of the Security and Privacy Fabric of the NIST Big Data Reference Architecture (NBDRA), and begins mapping the security and privacy use cases to the NBDRA.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 1500-4
Report Number


Big Data security, Big Data privacy, Big Data taxonomy, use cases, Big Data characteristics, security and privacy fabric, Big Data risk management, cybersecurity, computer security, information assurance, information security frameworks, encryption standards, role-based access controls, Big Data forensics, Big Data audit


Chang, W. , Roy, A. , Underwood, M. and NIST, N. (2015), NIST Big Data Interoperability Framework: Volume 4, Security and Privacy, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 27, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created October 21, 2015, Updated June 24, 2021