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A New Determination of the Newtonian Constant of Gravity Using the Free Fall Method

Published

Author(s)

J. Schwarz, D S. Robertson, T M. Niebauer, J E. Faller

Abstract

We report on a recent determination of the Newtonian constant of gravity, G, using a new free fall method. This method uses a freely falling test object to sense the gravitational field of a ring-shaped mass placed alternately above and below the drop region. The measurement of the resulting acceleration signal allows us to determine G. Because makes this method valuable in the context of today's uncertainty in the value of G. We have examined the raw data in a variety of ways. We describe our methods, which allow us to extract, besides G, information about various experimental parameters and possible systematic errors. We have examined several sources of systematic errors, including magnetic and vibratory signals arising from the dropping action of our apparatus. We outline the steps we have taken to ascertain the magnitude of errors introduced by these effects. Using the free-fall method, we have completed a determination of G, giving a result of G = (6.6873 0.00076)x10-11 m3/kg-sec2.
Citation
Measurement Science & Technology
Volume
10
Issue
No. 6

Keywords

gravimeter, gravity, Newton's constant, standard

Citation

Schwarz, J. , Robertson, D. , Niebauer, T. and Faller, J. (1999), A New Determination of the Newtonian Constant of Gravity Using the Free Fall Method, Measurement Science & Technology (Accessed July 13, 2024)

Issues

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Created May 31, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021