Neutron Scattering Studies of Materials for Hydrogen Storage
Ryan Klein, Hayden Evans, Benjamin Trump, Terrence J. Udovic, Craig Brown
Hydrogen storage presents a significant barrier to the widespread adaptation of hydrogen as an energy source in mobile and stationary applications. The development of new candidate hydrogen storage materials is therefore an outstanding goal in the field of inorganic chemistry. Neutron scattering techniques—including diffraction, inelastic, and quasielastic scattering—are integral in investigating these materials. Here, we review some of the key studies of candidate hydrogen storage materials which have employed neutron scattering techniques. We begin with a brief discussion of hydrogen's current position in the global energy landscape. Next, we provide a brief description of the theory and practical aspects of the neutron scattering techniques germane to the study of hydrogen storage. Then we enumerate the neutron scattering studies of candidate hydrogen storage materials, including metal hydrides, chemical hydrides, and porous compounds. We focus on the studies which helped develop our understanding of hydrogen storage by revealing the underlying fundamental physics and chemistry of hydrogen sorption in these systems. Finally, we provide an outlook to the future of hydrogen storage research.
Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering
Elsevier Ltd, Amsterdam, -1
hydrogen storage, neutron diffraction, inelastic neutron scattering, quasielastic neutron scattering, metal hydrides, chemical hydrides, metal-organic frameworks