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The neutron cross section standards, evaluations and applications



Allan D. Carlson


The measurement of a neutron cross section can be simplified if it is measured relative to a neutron cross section standard. Then it is not necessary to measure the neutron fluence. The standards in effect provide determinations of the neutron fluence. These standards are not defined standards but instead working standards. As such it is important to make measurements to improve the quality of the standards. Also better techniques for evaluating the standards must be promoted. The history of the evaluation process for the standards is discussed from the first rather primitive one to the latest very sophisticated evaluation that was an international cooperative effort. An overview of the main detectors used for applications of the standards is given.


standards cross sections, thermal constants


Carlson, A. (2011), The neutron cross section standards, evaluations and applications, Metrologia, [online], (Accessed April 15, 2024)
Created October 28, 2011, Updated November 10, 2018