Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Nanoscale characterization of photocurrent and photovoltage in polycrystalline solar cells

Published

Author(s)

Nikolai Zhitenev, Dongheon Ha

Abstract

We investigate the role of grain structures in nanoscale carrier dynamics of polycrystalline solar cells. By using Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) and near-field scanning photocurrent microscopy (NSPM) techniques, we characterize nanoscopic photovoltage and photocurrent patterns of inorganic CdTe and organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells. For CdTe solar cells, we evaluate the effect of sample preparation conditions on macro-/nanoscale photovoltaic properties. It is found that the CdTe sample annealed at a moderate temperature, 370 °C, shows the best macroscale cell efficiency. To understand nanoscale photo-response and the role of microscopic CdTe grain structures, we analyze nanoscale electric power generation patterns that are created by correlating nanoscale photovoltage and photocurrent maps on the same location. The same techniques are applied for characterization of a perovskite solar. It is found that a moderate amount of PbI2 near grain boundaries leads to the enhanced photo-generated carrier collections at grain boundaries. Finally, the capabilities and the limitations of the nanoscale techniques are discussed.
Citation
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume
127
Issue
24

Keywords

solar cell, photovoltaics, nanoscale characterization

Citation

Zhitenev, N. and Ha, D. (2023), Nanoscale characterization of photocurrent and photovoltage in polycrystalline solar cells, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, [online], https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c00239, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=935881 (Accessed September 26, 2023)
Created June 7, 2023, Updated June 22, 2023