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Multiple-camera defocus imaging of ultracold atomic gases

Published

Author(s)

Ian Spielman, Francisco Salces Carcoba, Yuchen Yue, Seiji Sugawa, Abigail Perry

Abstract

In cold atom experiments, each image of light refracted and absorbed by an atomic ensemble carries a remarkable amount of information. Numerous imaging techniques including absorption, fluorescence, and phase-contrast are commonly used. Other techniques such as off-resonance defocused imaging (ORDI, [1–4]), where an in-focus image is deconvolved from a defocused image, have been demonstrated but find only niche applications. The ORDI inversion process introduces systematic artifacts because it relies on regularization to account for missing information at some spatial frequencies. In the present work, we extend ORDI to use multiple cameras simultaneously at degrees of defocus, eliminating the need for regularization and its attendant artifacts. We demonstrate this technique by imaging Bose-Einstein condensates, and show that the statistical uncertainties in the measured column density using the multiple-camera off-resonance defocused (McORD) imaging method are competitive with absorption imaging near resonance and phase contrast imaging far from resonance. Experimentally, the McORD method may be incorporated into existing set-ups with minimal additional equipment.
Citation
Optics Express

Keywords

Image reconstruction, Bose-Einstein condensate

Citation

Spielman, I. , Salces Carcoba, F. , Yue, Y. , Sugawa, S. and Perry, A. (2021), Multiple-camera defocus imaging of ultracold atomic gases, Optics Express, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=922509 (Accessed July 6, 2022)
Created May 13, 2021, Updated October 14, 2021