Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Multi-Job Production Systems: Definition, Problems, Analysis, and Product-Mix Performance Portrait of Serial Lines



Peter O. Denno, Pooya Alvian


Multi-job production (MJP) is a class of flexible manufacturing systems intended to produce different products (job-types) according to a given product-mix and build-schedule. In MJP systems, all job-types are processed by the same sequence of manufacturing operations, but with different processing times at some or all machines. To characterize MJP, we introduce the work-based (rather than the traditional part-based) model of production systems, which is "insensitive" to whether a single- or multi-job manufacturing takes place. Using this model, we develop a method for performance analysis of MJP serial lines with the emphasis on their throughput and bottlenecks as functions of the product-mix. We show, in particular, that for the so-called conflicting job-types, there exists a range of product-mix, where the throughput of MJP is larger than that of any individual job-type involved. To characterize the global behavior of MJP systems, we introduce the notion of Product-Mix Performance Portrait, which represents the system throughput and bottlenecks for all feasible product-mixes. Finally, we apply the results obtained to a section of the underbody assembly system at an automotive assembly plant, calculate its performance portrait, and evaluate the efficacy of potential continuous improvement projects.
International Journal of Production Research


Multi-product manufacturing, Flexible production systems, Product-mix, Serial lines, Exponential machines, Finite buffers, Work-based model, Throughput, Bottleneck, Performance portrait, Automotive assembly.


Denno, P. and Alvian, P. (2018), Multi-Job Production Systems: Definition, Problems, Analysis, and Product-Mix Performance Portrait of Serial Lines, International Journal of Production Research, [online], (Accessed April 15, 2024)
Created May 15, 2018, Updated March 25, 2019