Morphological and Phase Characterizations of Retrieved Calcium Phosphate Cement Implants
Shozo Takagi, Laurence C. Chow, Milenko Markovic, C D. Friedman, P D. Costantino
A self-hardening calcium phosphate cement (CPC), consisting of equimolar amounts of tetracalcium phosphate and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous, hardens when mixed with water and forms a resorbable hydroxyapatite (HA) as the end- product. The objective of this study was to investigate the changes of the phase and morphology of the CPC during hardening and aging under in vivo conditions. CPC samples retrieved 12 h after hardening in vivo had already contained carbonated HA (type B) even though the initial cement mixture did not contain carbonate as one of the solid components. The mass fraction of carbonate in the 12-h sample was about 1%. The results suggested that under in vivo conditions carbonate is readily available and this allows formation of carbonated HA in favor of carbonate-free HA. The carbonate content of the CPC samples retrieved 3 months after implantation was similar to that of the 12-h samples, and exterior surfaces of the 3-month samples appeared less crystalline than that of the 12-h samples.
, Chow, L.
, Markovic, M.
, Friedman, C.
and Costantino, P.
Morphological and Phase Characterizations of Retrieved Calcium Phosphate Cement Implants, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
(Accessed March 3, 2024)