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Mobility Extraction in 2D Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Devices – Avoiding Contact Resistance Implicated Overestimation



Chin-Sheng Pang, Ruiping Zhou, Xiangkai Liu, Peng Wu, Terry Y. Hung, Shiqi Guo, Mona E. Zaghloul, Sergiy Krylyuk, Albert Davydov, Joerg Appenzeller, Zhihong Chen


Schottky barrier (SB) transistors operate distinctly different from conventional metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs), in a unique way that the gate impacts the carrier injection from the metal source/drain contacts into the channel region. While it has been long recognized that this can have severe implications for device characteristics in the subthreshold region, impacts of contact gating of SB in the on-state of the devices, which affects evaluation of intrinsic channel properties, have yet comprehensively studied. Due to the fact that contact resistance (RC) is always gate-dependent in a typical back-gated device structure, the traditional approach of deriving field-effect mobility from the maximum transconductance (gm) is in principle not correct and can even overestimate the mobility. In addition, an exhibition of two different threshold voltages for the channel and the contact region leads to another layer of complexity in determining the true carrier concentration calculated from Q = COX * (VG-VTH). Through a detailed experimental analysis, the effect of different effective oxide thicknesses, distinct SB heights, and doping-induced reductions in the SB width are carefully evaluated to gain a better understanding of their impact on important device metrics.


doping, mobility overestimations, Schottky barrier devices, thin gate dielectrics, transition metal dichalcogenides


Pang, C. , Zhou, R. , Liu, X. , Wu, P. , Hung, T. , Guo, S. , Zaghloul, M. , Krylyuk, S. , Davydov, A. , Appenzeller, J. and Chen, Z. (2021), Mobility Extraction in 2D Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Devices – Avoiding Contact Resistance Implicated Overestimation, Small, [online],, (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created June 10, 2021, Updated October 14, 2021