Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

The Mobilities of NO+(CH3CN)n Cluster Ions (n=0-3) Drifting in helium-Acetonitrile Mixtures



J A. de Gouw, L N. Ding, M Krishnamurthy, H S. Lee, E B. Anthony, V M. Bierbaum, S R. Leone


The mobilities of NO+(CH3CN)n cluster ions (N=0-3) drifting in helium and in mixtures of helium and acetonitrile (CH3CN) are measured in a flow-drift tube. The mobilities in helium decrease with cluster size (the mobility at zero field, Ko(o), is 22.4+or-}0.5 cm2 V-1s-1 for NO+, 12.3+or-}0.3 cm2 V-1s-1 for NO+(CH3CN)2 and 7.9+or-}02 cm2 V-1s-1 for NO+(CH3C)3) but depend only weakly on the characteristic parameter E/N (electric field strength divided by the number density of the buffer gas). The size dependence is explained in terms of the geometric cross sections of the different cluster ions. The rate constants for the various cluster formation and dissociation reactions have also been determined in order to rule out the possibility that reactions occurring in the drift region influence the measurements. Since high pressures of acetonitfile are required to form NOu+^(CH3CN)2 and NO+(CH3CN)3, the drift velocities for these ions are found to be strongly dependent on the acetonitrile concentration, as a result of the anomalously small mobilities of these ions in scetonitrile (Ko(o)=0.041+or-}0.004 cm2V-1s-1 for NO+(CH3CN)2 and 0.044+or-}0.004 cm2V-1s-1 for NO+(CH3CN)3). These values are at least an order of magnitude smaller than any previously reported ion mobility, and can be partly explained by the large ion-permenent dipole interaction between the cluster ions and acetonitrile. The remaining discrepancies may be the result of ligand exchang or the transfer of kinetic energy into internal energy of the cluster ion and the buffer gas molecule.
Journal of Chemical Physics
No. 23


cluster ions, ion mobility


de Gouw, J. , Ding, L. , Krishnamurthy, M. , Lee, H. , Anthony, E. , Bierbaum, V. and Leone, S. (1996), The Mobilities of NO<sup>+</sup>(CH<sub>3</sub>CN)n Cluster Ions (n=0-3) Drifting in helium-Acetonitrile Mixtures, Journal of Chemical Physics (Accessed June 14, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created November 30, 1996, Updated October 12, 2021