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Microfabricated atomic frequency references



John Kitching, Svenja A. Knappe, Li-Anne Liew, John Moreland, Hugh Robinson, P Schwindt, V Shah, Leo W. Hollberg


We describe a design for a microfabricated atomic frequency reference with a volume of several cubic millimetres and a power dissipation in the range ot tens of milliwatts. It is anticipated that this frequency reference will be capable of achieving a fractional frequency instability below 10^-11} at integration times of hours.
Proceedings Title
Proc., European Frequency and Time Forum
Conference Dates
January 1, 2004
Conference Location
Conference Title
European Frequency and Time Forum


atomic frequency, bonding, clock compact, microfabrication


Kitching, J. , Knappe, S. , Liew, L. , Moreland, J. , Robinson, H. , Schwindt, P. , Shah, V. and Hollberg, L. (2005), Microfabricated atomic frequency references, Proc., European Frequency and Time Forum, , USA, [online], (Accessed June 16, 2024)


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Created April 4, 2005, Updated October 12, 2021