Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Metal-Insulator Transition Revisited for Cold Atoms in Non-Abelian Gauge Potentials

Published

Author(s)

Indubala I. Satija, D C. Dakin, Charles W. Clark

Abstract

We discuss the possibility of realizing metal-insulator transitions with ultracold atoms in two-dimensional optical lattices in the presence of artificial gauge potentials. Such transitions have been extensively studied for magnetic fields corresponding to Abelian gauges; they occur when the magnetic flux penetrating the lattice plaquette is an irrational multiple of the magnetic flux quantum. Here we present the first study of these transitions for non-Abelian $U(2)$ gauge fields, which can be realized with atoms with two pairs of {\it degenerate} internal states. In contrast to the Abelian case, the spectrum and localization transition in the non-Abelian case is strongly influenced by atomic momenta. In addition to determining the localization boundary, the momentum fragments the spectrum and the minimum energy viewed as a function of momentum exhibits a step structure.Other key characteristics
Citation
Physical Review Letters
Volume
97
Issue
216401

Keywords

metal-insulator transitions, optical lattices

Citation

Satija, I. , Dakin, D. and Clark, C. (2006), Metal-Insulator Transition Revisited for Cold Atoms in Non-Abelian Gauge Potentials, Physical Review Letters, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=840248 (Accessed February 25, 2024)
Created November 20, 2006, Updated February 17, 2017