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Measuring Three-Dimensional Temperature Distributions in Steel-Concrete Composite Slabs Subjected to Fire Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors



Yi Bao, Matthew Hoehler, Christopher M. Smith, Matthew Bundy, Genda Chen


Detailed information about temperature distribution can be important to understand structural behavior in fire. This study develops a method to image three-dimensional temperature distributions in steel- concrete composite slabs using distributed fiber optic sensors. The feasibility of the method is explored using six 1.2 by 0.9 m steel-concrete composite slabs instrumented with distributed sensors and thermocouples subjected to fire for over 3 h. Dense point clouds of temperature in the slabs were measured using the distributed sensors. The results show that the distributed sensors operated at material temperatures up to 960 C with acceptable accuracy for many structural fire applications. The measured non-uniform temperature distributions indicate a spatially distributed thermal response in steel-concrete composite slabs, which can only be adequately captured using approaches that provide a high density of through-depth data points.


composite structure, distributed fiber optic sensors, fiber optic sensors, fire, high temperature, temperature distribution


Bao, Y. , Hoehler, M. , Smith, C. , Bundy, M. and Chen, G. (2020), Measuring Three-Dimensional Temperature Distributions in Steel–Concrete Composite Slabs Subjected to Fire Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors, Sensors, [online],, (Accessed July 14, 2024)


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Created September 25, 2020, Updated October 12, 2021